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linux下MySQL 5.6源码安装

1、下载:当前mysql版本到了5.6.20

http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql

选择Source Code

2、必要软件包

yum -y install  gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel* make cmake

3、编译安装

添加用户

groupadd mysql
useradd -r -g mysql mysql

编译安装

tar -zxvf mysql-5.6.20.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.6.20

#默认情况下是安装在/usr/local/mysql
cmake .
make && make install

编译参数

cmake .
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

编译的参数可以参考http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/source-configuration-options.html

改变目录所有者

chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

4、初始化数据库

cd /usr/local/mysql/scripts
./mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

5、注册为服务

cd /usr/local/mysql/support-files

#注册服务
cp mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

#使用默认配置文件
cp my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

#让chkconfig管理mysql服务
chkconfig --add mysql

#开机启动
chkconfig mysql on

6、启动MySQL服务

service mysql start

7、改变编码,防止乱码

SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'character%'

修改mysql的my.cnf文件

[client]
default-character-set=utf8

[mysqld]
character-set-server=utf8

[mysql]
default-character-set=utf8

8、将mysql的bin加入到path中

cd ~
#我把path添加到当前用户目录的bashrc中,如果需要全局设定,请修改`/etc/profile`
vi .bashrc

#加入以下内容
PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH
export PATH

9、配置用户密码和远程访问权限

mysql -uroot  
SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('123456');

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456' WITH GRANT OPTION;

参考: http://blog.163.com/liyinhui20080527@126/blog/static/815232582013885310900/ http://www.cnblogs.com/xiongpq/p/3384681.html

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